Every drug you put into your body passes through your kidneys. If the drug is not taken following your healthcare provider's instructions, or if it is an illegal substance, it can cause injury to the kidneys.
Your kidneys could be damaged if you take large amounts of over-the-counter medications, such as diclofenac sodium, naproxen and ibuprofen. None of these medicines should be taken daily or regularly without first talking to your healthcare provider. Thousands of Pakistanis have damaged their kidneys by using these medicines regularly for too long.
Antibiotics can also be dangerous if they are not taken correctly. People with kidney disease need to take a smaller amount of antibiotics than people with healthy kidneys. Over the counter availability of antibiotics in Pakistan has unfortunately lead to its abuse resulting in kidney dysfunction and even a need for renal replacement therapy.
Unfortunately the Pakistani population remains vulnerable to quackery and abuse of Hakeem medication. Lack of awareness and unavailability of adequate health resources leaves the general population at the mercy of quacks and Hakeems. Studies have shown that such therapies apart from not being registered are mostly heavy metal based compounds intermixed with high dose steroids which result in severe deleterious effects on the human body.
Some medical tests called "imaging tests" contain a type of dye called "contrast dye." Examples of imaging tests are MRIs and CT-scans. Contrast dyes can be harmful to people who have kidney disease. Not all imaging tests contain contrast dyes.
Most street drugs, including heroin, cocaine and ecstasy can cause high blood pressure, stroke, heart failure and even death, in some cases from only one use. Cocaine, heroin and amphetamines also can cause kidney damage